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Hello Linuxmen

Today in tis article we shall learn cool command execution tricks in Linux/Unix.

Many times we have to run the same command or last command or any one command in recent history in our lovely Terminal/Putty. We press up button several times and search.

Lets try and implement some easier methods.

1. Execute the last command.

To execute last command we can simply press up button and press enter. Or We can use "!!" and press enter. This will do the same.

Prompt:~> date
Thu Mar 17 19:38:55 CET 2016

... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1265 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2016-03-17 | Comments (1)

Finally I understood sticky bit concept and I want to share this with all..

Best way to learn it is we shall try an example. We all might be aware of its definitions and theory:


  • The restricted deletion flag or sticky bit is a single bit, whose interpretation depends  on  the  file  type.  
  • For directories,  it  prevents  unprivileged users from removing or renaming a file in the directory unless they own the file or the directory; this is called the restricted deletion flag for the  directory,  and  is  commonly  found  on world-writable  directories  like  /tmp.  
  • ... Read more »
Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1364 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2016-02-05 | Comments (0)

netstat - Print network connections, routing tables, interface statistics, masquerade connections, and multicast memberships

 By default, netstat displays a list of open sockets.  If you don't specify any  address  families,  then  the  active sockets of all configured address families will be printed.
We shall exercise some examples to make it more clear.

1. List all connections to the system(Listening/ Non-listening)

nestat -a


Prompt~> netstat -a|head
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv ... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1486 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2016-01-23 | Comments (0)

Dedicated to all linux lovers..

If you love working in Linux/Unix operating system, you must try these commands for FUN.


1. REV 

The rev utility copies the specified files to the standard output, reversing the order of characters in every line.  If no files are specified, the standard input is read.

shankar@shankar-desktop ~ $ rev


rev command


2. SL< ... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1549 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-09-09 | Comments (0)


Hello Linux Lovers


In this article we shall learn how to view/open a PDF file (*.pdf) or a postscript file (*.ps) in Linux system using commands.


This is quite simple. You can user Evince document viewer.

Evince is document viewer capable of displaying multiple and single page document formats like PDF and Postscript.


evince [--help] [--usage] [--page-level=<level>] [filenames]

See below example

evince1< ... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1788 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-08-18 | Comments (0)

Logical Volume Manager is a device mapper in LINUX which provides Logical Volume management.


With LVM, we can create logical partitions that can span across one or more physical hard drives.


LVM virtualizes the memory and the biggest advantage of LVM is that it allows disks to be added, replaced, reduced, resized without any downtime or service disruption.


LVM allows file systems to be easily resized later as per our need.

Creating and managing LVM is very simple. Just follow 3 steps process:

  1. First the hard drives are divided into physical volumes(PV).
  2. ... Read more »
Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1651 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-07-18 | Comments (0)

In this article we shall try to undestand grep and extended grep(grep with '-E' option).

 -E, --extended-regexp
              Interpret PATTERN as an extended regular expression (ERE, see below).  (-E is specified by POSIX.)

Basic vs Extended Regular Expressions
       In basic regular expressions the meta-characters ?, +, {, |, (, and ) lose their special meaning; instead use the backslashed versions \?, \+, \{, \|, \(, and \).

       Traditional egrep did not support the { meta-character, and some egrep implementations support \{ instead, so portable scripts should avoid  {  in grep -E patterns and should use [{] to match a lite ... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1788 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-07-12 | Comments (0)

To create SWAP space/file in your system, you just need to follow below simple steps. First we shall see how much free space we are having using free -k or swapon -s command.

shankar@shankar-desktop ~ $ free -k
             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:       2061716     936484    1125232          0      43624     367612
-/+ buffers/cache:     525248    1536468
Swap:      492536          0    492536
shankar@shankar-desktop ~ $ swapon -s
... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1472 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-06-19 | Comments (0)

ALIEN - Convert FILES from/to rpm, lsb, deb, solaris packages or install an alien binary package.

        alien [--to-deb] [--to-rpm] [--to-tgz] [--to-slp] [options] file [...]

       alien is a command line utility that converts between Red Hat rpm, Debian deb, Stampede slp, Slackware tgz, and Solaris pkg file formats to/from one another.

If you want to use a package from another linux distribution than the one you have installed on your system, you have to use alien to convert it to your preferred package format and install it.

It also supports LSB packages.

... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1532 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-06-16 | Comments (0)

       xrandr [-help]  [-display display] [-q] [-v] [--verbose] [--dryrun] [--screen snum] [--q1] [--q12]

Per-output options
       [--output  output] [--auto] [--mode mode] [--preferred] [--pos xxy] [--rate rate] [--reflect reflection] [--rotate orientation] [--left-of output] [--right-of output] [--above output] [--below output] [--same-as output] [--set property value] [--off] [--crtc crtc] [--gamma red:green:blue]



... Read more »

Category: Open System-Linux | Views: 1508 | Added by: shanky | Date: 2015-06-13 | Comments (0)